The characteristic of traffic arrival is varies for minute to other minutes within an hour, and affecting traffic analysis. Peak hour factor (PHF) is a significant key for fine adjustment to traffic analysis. So, the suitable Peak hour factor would lead to accurate traffic analysis. The multi-lane highway is mostly major arterial road which rank high-hierarchy. Therefore,it is necessary to choose an appropriate peak hour factor The study aimed to focus on multi-lane high traffic highways, which have traffic volume more than 28,000 and 44,000 vehicles per day per direction in 4-lane highway and 8-lane highway consequently. The study found that volume capacity would start from 0.82 and progress up to 1.00 with traffic volume of more than 2,339 vehicles per hour per lane for 4-lane highway.The volume capacity would start from 0.85 and progress up to 1.00 with traffic volume of more than 1,512 vehicles per hour per lane for 8-lane highway. The study suggests choosing peak hour factor of 0.82 to 0.95 for 4-lane highway and 0.85 to 0.95 for 8-lanes highway.
To avoid cracking in masonry walls and to improve strength of walls steel reinforcements can be used in brick masonry. Normal reinforcement in the form of chicken mesh or similar type of reinforcement requires more plaster which is costly considering rising cost of sand and also it adds dead load on structure. Use of expanded metal reinforcement in brick bed mortar is an advanced technique to improve the tensile resistance of brick masonry. This technique will reduce heavy plaster on walls required in conventional chicken wire mesh reinforced plaster and hence saving in cost of plaster material and dead load of walls. An experimental program was conducted to investigate the possible improvement in strength characteristics in half brick thick masonry element reinforced using of galvanized expanded metal reinforcement in bed mortar. The paper presents comparison of shear bond and flexural resistance of reinforced wall elements with non reinforced wall elements.
Ali KOÇAK, Başak ZENGİN, BurakTOYDEMİR,Melih BULGUR
Bath has an important place in Turkish history from past to present as well as other countries and regions. Each country or region has different architectural properties and functions in construction of bath. In Ottoman society bath has another important role in social life as a meeting and recreation point for the people due to its closed structure. In this regard, bath is not built for just taking a shower, it also was built for social life and entertainment. In this study, the historical Ottoman baths were discussed and Davutpaşa Bath taken as an example.
Pradip Peter Dey, Bhaskar Raj Sinha,Mohammad Amin, Laith Al Any
Dynamic models of computation such as Turing Machines, Pushdown Automata and Finite Automata are useful in modeling real world computational problems. This paper presents visualization of a dynamic model with revealing features. The visualization is available at the following web site: http://www.asethome.org/mathfoundations/tmd/.When the same model has multiple equivalent representations; one may have preferences for certain representation over others. 39 out of 41 (95.12%) users found the visual representation helpful in understanding Turing Machines.
The World Wide Web consists of billions of web pages and huge amount of information available within web pages. To support the users navigate in the result, various ranking methods are applied on the search results. In this paper a page rank algorithm called enhancive weighted page rank based on visits of links is being devised for search engine. This algorithm works on basis of weights of pages and number of inbound links of web pages and outlinks of web pages and popularity of web pages. This algorithm is the extension of page rank and weighted page rank algorithm which reduces the search space for large scale.
Vision is the power of sensing with the eyes and the most important sense for humans. Stereo vision is a vision seen bytwo eyes so there are two views and they are combined together. Apart from many other low and higher level perception asks, stereo vision has been proven as a reliable tool in order to exploit depth data and provides remarkable results whenit comes to depth estimation. In this paper various algorithms for estimating precise and consistent correspondence matchfor stereoscopic image pairs is presented, which is based on correlation techniques. By taking neighboringdisparityvalues into account, precision and consistency of the estimated disparity values are increased. Here we present acomparison between different stereo correspondence parametric matching algorithms like SAD, SSD, NCC &SAD byderivatives and analyze the best match to ground truth images taken from Middlebury online dataset and the databasecreated by us, using the performance measure tools viz.,RMS error and BAD PIXEL match.